"Mobilizing Minerva" analyzes the strategies of female physicians, nurses, and women-at-arms who linked military service with the opportunity to achieve professional and civic goals. Since women armed to defend the state during war could also protect themselves, the author argues here that Americans began to focus on women's relationship to violence-both its wielding against women and women's uses of it. Intense discussions of rape, methods of protecting women, and proper gender roles abound as the author draws from rich case studies to show how female thinkers and activists wove wartime choices into long-standing debates about woman suffrage, violence against women, gender based discrimination, and economic parity. Paperback. 244 pgs.