In early 1629 the Massachusetts Bay Company received a royal charter that allowed the Company to carry on the work, begun earlier in the decade by the Dorchester Company and then the New England Company, of developing permanent settlements in New England. During 1629 the Massachusetts Bay Company sent settlers to Massachusetts Bay, mostly young, single men, servants either of the Company itself or of particular merchants and gentlemen associated with the Company. Included among these 1629 immigrants were three ministers of Puritan leanings, reflecting the religious beliefs of the Company’s leaders.
By late 1629 John Winthrop of Groton, Suffolk, had been made Governor of the Company, and planning began in earnest for sending a larger group of settlers to New England. In the spring of 1630 Winthrop led more than a dozen vessels, with about seven hundred passengers, across the Atlantic. This small armada of 1630 has come to be known as the Winthrop Fleet. The somewhat broader settlement activities of 1629 and 1630, of which the Winthrop Fleet was the larger part, have been termed the Winthrop Migration. This volume describes the organization of the Winthrop Migration and the Winthrop Fleet in some detail, and provides detailed genealogical and biographic information on each of the more than two hundred families and individuals who came to New England in 1629 and 1630 as part of this movement. Each sketch begins with information on the English origin of the immigrant, when known, and the evidence for his or her arrival in 1629 or 1630. This is followed by biographical data, on education, officeholding and the like, and genealogical data, including birth, death, marriage and children. The sketches often include information on the place of each immigrant in the migration process, whether as master or servant, and of unusual and interesting features of their lives. Hardcover 833 pages